Refrigeration and air conditioning are ubiquitous technologies which enabled many of the services at the basis of present-day society. Their intensive usage generates a great demand of electricity and is responsible for significant CO2 emissions. Magnetic refrigeration replaces conventional refrigerant gases with safer, magnetic materials and fluids. At its best this novel technology promises smaller, more efficient and eco-friendly refrigerators.


Magnetic refrigeration is an innovative technology whose development is still in the pre-production regime. Goal of this project is the study of magnetic refrigeration and the assessment of its potentialities within the regional industrial system: a team of laboratories with renowned expertise on novel materials, advanced simulations and thermal machines, supported by leading regional industries, will develop a prototype of refrigerator.


The project is a regional response to global drivers of change, and could potentially open new market niches. The prototype will be scaled to fit a food displayer for promoting highly recognizable local food produces: in this way we aim at establishing a win-win environment between technological innovation and promotion of traditional regional excellences.

Action Plan

The following activities will be addressed: - Development of materials with high and reversible magnetocaloric effect and realization of the active magnetic regenerator, i.e. scale up and shaping of the material to obtain a high surface-to volume ratio (spheroids, plates, sponges). - Study and simulation of the solid-fluid heat transfer mechanisms in order to maximize and speed up the heat exchange. - Simulation and realization of the magnetic field source, aiming at high magnetic field values and high gradients with the minimum amount of magnets while keeping in mind the mechanical aspects deriving from the relative movement required between the magnets and the regenerator - Realization of a demonstrator with modular design, to be used also as a test bench for the evaluation of the materials developed within the project - Realization of a prototype of refrigerator: by assessing the efficiency, costs and performance of the developed solutions will define the suitable field of application



MIST E-R is a public-private consortium devoted to industrial research and technology transfer. The partners are CNR, Universities of Ferrara and Parma, Democenter-Sipe Foundation and companies working in several manufacturing sectors. The main operative scopes of MIST E-R are the development of micro and nano technologies based on organic and inorganic materials, nanostructures and interfaces for biodiagnostics and biomedicine as well as devices based on nanostructured materials.
Referente: Simone Fabbrici

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CONSORZIO MUSP – Laboratorio Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione

MUSP is involved in mechanical production with integrated activities including manufacturing technologies, machine tools and advanced study of production systems. Among the themes of research and service the most remarkable are: sustainability of the manufacturing sector, production and use of metal foams, checkup methods, simulation and optimization of technologically advanced production systems.
Referente: Valerio Mussi

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CIDEA – Centro Interdipartimentale Energia ed Ambiente

The "Energy" Unit of CIDEA is made up of researchers with decades of expertise on the study, analysis, design, optimization and simulation of energy systems, particularly with regard to energy sources, the conversion processes and the use of energy and related emissions.
Referente: Prof. Angelo Farina

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Democenter-Sipe Foundation is an innovation center of the High Technology Network of Emilia-Romagna Region. Democenter-Sipe supports innovation acting as a facilitator and interface between research centers, public bodies and companies, dealing with the dissemination and transfer of the research activities and results.
Referente: Marco Ardoino

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CIRI EA – Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca Industriale Energia e Ambiente – UNIBO

Energy and the Environment Interdepartmental Centre for Industrial Research of the University of Bologna is involved in technology transfer and applied research in the field of renewable or fossil fuel based energy systems, energy storage devices and environmental impact.
Referente: Francesco Melino

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JONIX S.r.l.

JONIX srl is an Italian innovative start up integrated in the Galletti Group. Its main objective is research, development, realization and commercialization of novel technologies for the air conditioning and refrigeration market; in detail: development of innovative, highly technological products for air conditioning, refrigeration, air treatment, water and air depuration, sanitation of surfaces and objects.
Referente: Giovanni Pretto

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SPIN in three words: DESIGN, SOFTWARE and PROTOTYPING. Design of electromagnetic devices and distribution of simulation programs: Multiphysics, electromagnetism and design of electric motors. A team of experts who knew how to make best use of previous experience in the manufacture of electrical machinery, electric motors, devices for the generation of high magnetic fields, electromagnets and measuring instruments for electromagnetism and magnetic materials.
Referente: Ing. Letizia Ferrara

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MBN nanomaterialia S.p.A. produces nanostructured powders by means of proprietary high energy ball milling facilities, with a production capacity of 100 tons/year. MBN develops customized advanced materials which are processed by powder metallurgy and additive manufacturing technologies, covering a wide range of applications from high resistance coatings to components for energy storage and exchange.
Referente: Alberto Colella

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Project POR FESR 2014-2020, AXIS 1 Research and Innovation. 1.2.2 Action